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IISD/ENB+ @ Las2017 | 9 Oct 2017 | Warsaw, PL | IISD Reporting Services

News from IISD - 10. October 2017 - 3:31
On Monday, 9 October 2017, IISD Reporting Services, through its ENB+ Meeting Coverage, covered Las2017 - Joint Session of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) European Forestry Commission, from 9 to 12 October 2017, from Warsaw, Poland

Demonetisation’s blow to microfinance sector

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 22:51
Demonetisation has adversely affected the growth in clients, loans disbursed and repayment rates

A brave new India

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 22:08
The tentacles of the state are now reaching deep into the informal economy, thanks to structural economic reforms such as GST and demonetisation

Price discrimination online

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:25
Even 10% of customers being price-discriminated against by online marketplaces in goods and services is a sufficient opening to allow new competitors plenty of room to manoeuver

Richard Thaler’s win

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:16
As one of the founders of behavioural economics, Nobel laureate Richard Thaler showed the relevance of other social sciences in economic analysis

The demonetization of minimum wage laws

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:12
The neo-classical obsession with textbook-based harmful effects has sought to displace the redistributive potential of minimum wages

Spain’s troubles are Europe’s opportunity

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:06
Catalonia provides an excellent case study of Europe’s broader conundrum

Building businesses in Bharat’s regressive legal framework

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:05
The true potential of our country’s entrepreneurial talent shall be realized only when our legal framework facilitates an environment where ‘the mind is without fear’

The twin revenge

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 20:04
While demonetisation has been the revenge of the moral police, GST is a twin revenge—the revenge of the moral police and the revenge of the bean counter

Financial stability in the age of crises

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 19:59
Asian countries, such as India, have leaders in the active use of macroprudential policies to correct asset price misalignments and limit systemic risks

Corporate taxes must evolve with global trade

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 19:46
Regulatory regimes haven’t caught up with the rapid growth of international trade in services

An economics heathen wins the economics Nobel

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 18:47
The repercussions of Richard H. Thaler’s work in helping organizations better understand human behaviour—and why traditional economics has failed so badly at this—are hard to overstate

Why Narendra Modi needs to understand Richard Thaler

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 18:02
Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein’s ‘nudge’ could very well be of use to the Narendra Modi govt as it’s keen on changing citizen behaviour in areas as diverse as cleanliness and digital money

Richard Thaler changed my life (and everybody else’s) | Cass R. Sunstein

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 17:32
Richard Thaler’s academic interests are a direct outgrowth of his personality. He’s full of mischief and a ton of fun

The economics of Richard Thaler

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 16:24
Richard Thaler has challenged the way we think about the economy, and has helped revolutionize the field of economics

To grow, Indian insurance companies need IPOs

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 13:48
Listing will help insurers garner funds to expand operations, and will also be a step towards improving disclosure standards and periodicity

In defence of mainstream economics

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 12:50
Not that there is no truth in the statement that economics needs an overhaul but the offered reasons are often seriously deficient in their understanding of what economists do

Why the government needs to loosen its purse strings

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 5:46
While GST and demonetisation may have disrupted growth in recent quarters, the economy is likely to return to 6.5% growth once it has adjusted. But getting to 8% will be harder, because of factors that are deeper and more protracted

Crying shame India hasn’t gone back to onion futures

News from India - 9. October 2017 - 5:33
India exports a lot more onions than it imports, and a more balanced picture would go a long way to taking the edge off price spikes

Artificial nests aim to increase Shy Albatross breeding success

News from WWF - 9. October 2017 - 2:00
Specially built mudbrick and aerated concrete artificial nests, airlifted on to Bass Strait's Albatross Island in a trial program aimed at increasing the breeding success of the Tasmanian Shy Albatross, appear to have been accepted by the vulnerable sea-birds, early monitoring is showing.      
A co-operative effort – which brought together wildlife and funding partners from WWF-Australia with support from the WWF-US Wildlife Adaptation Innovation Fund, the Tasmanian and Australian Governments, CSIRO Marine Climate Impact and the Tasmanian Albatross Fund – saw an air and sea operation that installed 120 of the pre-constructed nests on to the island.
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment Wildlife Biologist Rachael Alderman said the first post-installation monitoring trip this week has shown that most of the artificial nests are being used by the birds.
"This is fantastic to see as the operation was several years in the planning from developing the idea, testing a small number of proto-types, and refining and expanding to this larger study that will enable evaluation of whether this approach can provide a boost to the population.
"Albatross lay a single egg each year and they invest enormous energy into incubating the egg and raising the chick. On average, over half the attempts will fail, and one of many factors in this is the nest quality," Dr Alderman said.
"Their nests range from a barest scrape on the rocks to a high sculptured pottery-like pedestal. Monitoring data shows that pairs breeding on high quality nests have higher breeding success than those on poorer quality nests.
"This trial is based on the simple theory that if ready-made high-quality nests are put in areas where nests are typically of lower quality we increase the chances of albatross pairs successfully raising a chick."
Acting Threatened Species Commissioner Sebastian Lang said the Tasmanian Shy Albatross was identified by the Australian Government, through the Threatened Species Prospectus, as an important species in need of action and strong partnerships to assist its survival.
"The species is nationally listed as Vulnerable, but is still relatively abundant. We are acting early and working co-operatively to understand the threats to its survival, and trial and implement on-ground actions to address these threats," he said.
WWF-Australia's Head of Living Ecosystems Darren Grover said with breeding success key to maintaining viable populations, the nests were seen as an important measure.
"If good quality, artificial nests help more chicks survive until they are big enough to fly then over time that could make a real difference to the population," he said.
"After several proto-types, the team developed an artificial nest that mimics a good quality real nest.
Mr Grover said nest installation was timed to maximise acceptance by the birds.
"Researchers positioned the artificial nests just as the birds were starting to stake out nest sites and begin construction. Although it is still very early days it's encouraging to see some birds starting to utilise the artificial nests," he said.
"We're hoping to see many eggs hatch and many chicks survive on artificial nests," Mr Grover said.
Dr Alderman, who has been monitoring the population for nearly 15 years, said with the Tasmanian Shy Albatross only breeding at three offshore islands near Tasmania, the species was particularly vulnerable to impacts such as climate change.
"Already some impacts are being seen with fewer chicks produced in years of higher temperatures or increased rainfall – also there is evidence of birds spending longer periods at time at sea obtaining food," Dr Alderman said.
"While some species can physically relocate to more favourable environments or adapt in other ways, the biology of albatross make them particularly vulnerable to rapid negative changes. Their low reproductive output and innate compulsion to return to the same colony each year, restricts their ability to move to more favourable environments.
"Unprecedented changes in the marine and breeding environments have already been documented and we know that climate change is here to stay. We need to be developing strategies now if we want to ensure our most susceptible species persist in the future".

For more information, please contact:
 Mark Symmons | WWF Australia |  Mark Symmons | 07 3103 6935 | 0400 985 571

About WWF
WWF is one of the world's largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the Earth's natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. Visit for latest news and media resources and follow us on Twitter @WWF_media.


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